Maktabs

With the Grace of Allah ﷻ, the Maktab system of Islamic education has been revived in Adelaide and we encourage you to send your child to the Maktab so that their Islam can be protected and passed on to your generations.

The Maktab Association of South Australia are currently running 2 Maktabs, one in the North of the city in Mawson Lakes where we also have Tahfeedh/Hifz (Quran memorisation) classes taking place and one in Underdale where we also conduct Adult classes, Hifz classes and Islamic Studies and Arabic courses.

Please see the links above for each individual Maktab and the programs being offered or click below:

Mawson Lakes Maktab

Underdale Maktab

Wandana Maktab (Starting 2nd May Insha’Allah)

We reproduce here a selection of the talk by Sheikhul Hadeeth Yusuf Motala on the importance of the Primary Maktab which was given on the starting of a Maktab building in England

All praise is due to Allah. We praise Him. We seek His assistance and forgiveness. We believe in Him and place our trust in Him. We seek refuge in Allah from the mischief of our souls and our bad actions. He whom Allah guides no one can mislead, and he whom Allah misleads, no one can guide. We bear testimony that there is no deity except Allah.
 He is alone and has no partner and we bear testimony that our leader and master Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. O Allah, shower your everlasting peace and blessings on him and on his descendants and his companions.
Almighty Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:

Read (O Muhammad)! In the name of your Lord,
Who has created (all that exists)
Has created man from a clot
(a piece of thick coagulated blood).
Read! And your Lord is the most Generous,
Who has taught (the writing) by the pen.
Has taught man that which he knew not.
(Surah Al ‘Alaq {Clot} 1-5)

Respected brothers and friends! We have gathered here for the commencement of an auspicious and pious work, the building of Madrasah Islamia, Mount Pleasant, Batley. We pray to Almighty Allah that He sees this noble task to its completion. May Allah establish throughout England numerous such institutions, and may He preserve them till Qiyaamah. May Allah lavish their faiz(spiritual influence) throughout the four corners of the world. And may He give us the ability to participate in such work with our lives and wealth. Ameen

Importance of Ilm (knowledge)

The Qur’anic verses I have recited are the opening verses of Surah Alaq. These are the first verses revealed by Allah to His beloved Prophet Peace be upon him. In them Allah says, “Read! (O Muhammad) in the name of your Lord, who has created.” Further, to emphasise, He says, “Has created Insaan (the human being).” In the verses that follow Allah mentions the word ‘iqra’ (read) over and over again.

In the verses with which Allah commenced revelation, He mentions qir‘aat (recitation), taleem (learning), and ta‘allum (teaching). Thus emphasis is being placed upon establishing Maktabs and other institutions of ilm. He ends the first revelation with “Has taught man that which he knew not”, thereby stressing yet again the importance of knowledge.

This mention of qir‘aat and ilm in the opening verses of revelation is a lesson to Muslims that the preservation of deen (religion), iman (faith) and haq (truth) in the unique manner the Prophet Peace be upon him, brought us, i.e., through the medium of wahi and sunnah, can only be possible with ilm. In places where the acquisition of knowledge was neglected, then even if Islam and Muslims remained, they were in a pitiful state. (May Allah forbid) Wherever there is knowledge, this faith of ours will remain in its original purity.

Hence, the verse, “Read! in the name of your Lord who has created”, is the very first lesson for us. Who is the teacher? Allah, Glorified and Great! Yes! Allah is teaching His beloved Prophet Peace be upon him; and He in turn is shouldering the responsibilities of an educator. To whom does he teach? Khadijah tul’ Kubra May Allah be pleased with her. When the Noble Prophet Peace be upon him, returned from the cave of Hiraa and informed our mother of his fear, he also recited to her the verses revealed to him. We learn from this that a person should firstly be concerned about his own household. If one wishes his sons and daughters to remain faithful Muslims, he should make an effort to create in his wife an Islamic consciousness. If she is imbued with the spirit of Islam, the children who grow up under her care will blossom into upholders of the deen. Whoever is lazy and negligent in this matter will see the ill effects in his children.

First Converts To Islam

As you may be aware the first lady to embrace Islam was Hazrat KhadijahMay Allah be pleased with her, and amongst men, Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Ali radiallahu anhuma.Muhadditheen (commentators of Ahadith) have written that they accepted Islam at the same time these verses were recited to them; Waraqa bin Nawfal also embraced the new faith. When the Prophet Peace be upon him, related to him the event that had transpired, and recited that which had been revealed to him, Waraqa testified to it and promised to assist the Prophet Peace be upon him, in his mission.

The Need for Makatib
This was the infiradi – personal and discrete – manner in which the teaching of the Holy Qur’an began. Gradually, as more people embraced Islam the following verse was revealed, “Therefore, proclaim openly that which Allah has commanded, and turn away from the Mushrikoon.” The first concern of the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him thereafter was to arrange teaching facilities for the new converts. How could they be taught the Holy Qur’an? The circumstances at the time did not permit the dozen or so Muslims to gather in one place in order to perform Salaah and be taught the Holy Qur’an. For this reason the Holy ProphetPeace be upon him, organised their taleem in various homes where they could secretly assemble and study the Holy Qur’an.

The First Maktab of Makkah Mukarramah
The home of Umar’s sister, Fatima binte Khattab radiallahu anhuma, was selected for this purpose. This was the first Maktab of Makkah Mukarramah. Muhadditheen write that the first teacher of this Maktab was Hazrat Khabbab ibn Aratt May Allah be pleased with him. Umar May Allah be pleased with him, once remarked, the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him had fixed upon my sister’s household the feeding of two persons on a daily basis; one was Sayyidina Khabbab May Allah be pleased with him, and the name of the other teacher I cannot recall. (Sayyidina Umar May Allah be pleased with him , was relating this during the time of his khilafah, and could not remember the name of the other person.)

Umar’s Conversion to Islam
Most of you are aware of the incident that led to Hazrat Umar’s conversion to Islam. The story in brief is Hazrat Umar May Allah be pleased with him set off with the intention of assassinating the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him. On his way he met Hazrat Sa’aad May Allah be pleased with him, who tried to obstruct him from executing his vicious intention. During their conversation a quarrel broke out, and both of them unsheathed their swords. Just as the swords were about to meet, Hazrat Sa’aad May Allah be pleased with him proclaimed, “Firstly, see to your own household, your own sister has embraced Islam.”

Umar May Allah be pleased with him was shocked and diverted his attention immediately. He turned towards his sister’s house and knocked on the door. At the time the occupants were busy studying verses of the Holy Qur’an from their teacher Khabbab ibn Aratt May Allah be pleased with him. Upon hearing the voice of UmarMay Allah be pleased with him, Hazrat Khabbab May Allah be pleased with him, hid himself. Sayyidina UmarMay Allah be pleased with him, in his rage, launched himself upon his sister and brother-in-law (Saeed ibn Zayd May Allah be pleased with him) until they began to bleed. In this condition the sister called out, “You can do what ever you like, we have already accepted the new faith.”

When Umar’s anger abated, and he saw the state his sister was in as a result of the attack, he asked to be shown the parches they were studying. Upon hearing this request Hazrat Khabbab May Allah be pleased with him,re-appeared and made Umar May Allah be pleased with him, perform ghusl (bath). UmarMay Allah be pleased with him then read from the parches, on which were written some verses of Surah Taha. Thereafter, he went to the HoIy ProphetPeace be upon him, and embraced Islam.

I was saying that this was the very first Maktab established in Makkah Mukarramah. It was in the house of Saeed ibn Zayd May Allah be pleased with him, the brother-in-law of UmarMay Allah be pleased with him . The teachers here were Khabbab May Allah be pleased with him and another Sahabi (may Allah be pleased with all of them).

The Second Maktab of Makkah Mukarramah

A second Maktab came to be established when the Muslims increased and the former premises became insufficient. It was set up at Dar-e-Arqam, which was near Mount Safa. Here, approximately forty Sahabah May Allah be pleased with them, would reside on a permanent basis. The Holy Prophet Peace be upon him, would also stay here for many days. According to some traditions, once the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him spent an entire month here. During the whole month he would teach the Holy Qur’an and other religious instructions.

The Third Maktab of Makkah Mukarramah

A third Maktab was set up in the Sha‘be (glen) of Abu Talib where the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him, and his family were exiled for three and a half years. During this period, the Prophet Peace be upon him would teach the Holy Qur’an to his family and to those who secretly came to visit him.

From the traditions of Makkah Mukarramah it is clear that these three locations were the main Maktabs in the early days of Islam. There may have been more.

Establishment of Makatib in Madina Munawwarah

Similarly, when the Noble Prophet Peace be upon him, came to Madina, efforts to set up Maktabs were made from the outset. The sole purpose being that the teachings of the Holy Qur’an should also be made known to the people of Madina Munawwarah. In fact this happened before the Prophet’s migration to the holy city. He despatched Mus’ab bin Umair May Allah be pleased with him and Abdullah ibn Umme Maktoom May Allah be pleased with him. The latter was also a maternal cousin of the Prophet Peace be upon him, due to his marriage with Hazrat Khadijah May Allah be pleased with her.

Virtues of Abdullah ibn Umme Maktoom

The Holy Prophet Peace be upon him, had great affection and love for Abdullah ibn Umme Maktoom May Allah be pleased with him, and he too was fida (ready to be sacrificed) for the Prophet’s sake. Although he was blind, he held a very lofty status in the sight of the Holy ProphetPeace be upon him. Whenever the the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him, had to be absent himself from Madina, he would appoint one person to oversee the affairs of the city, and lead Muslims in prayers in the Prophet’s Mosque. Abdullah ibn Umme Maktoom May Allah be pleased with him, was chosen for this purpose on a number of occasions.

The First Maktab of Madina Munawwarah

The Holy Prophet Peace be upon him, selected these two companions and sent them to Madina with As’ad bin Zurarah May Allah be pleased with him. As’ad bin Zurarah May Allah be pleased with him, was the first person from the Ansar (helpers) to embrace Islam at the hands of the ProphetPeace be upon him. He undertook the responsibility of taking Musaib bin Umair and Abdullah ibn Umme Makttom radiallahu anhuma, to Madina Munawwarah for the purpose of teaching the Holy Qur’an.

The SecondMaktab of Madina Munawwarah

The second Maktab of Madina was established by Rafe’ ibn MalikMay Allah be pleased with him for the people of his tribe. This Maktab was located outside a large house. Here he started to teach the Holy Qur’an. This is the very place where later a Mosque named Masjid-e-Banu Zuraiq was erected. This place is located directly opposite Masjid Gamamah. Surah Yusuf was the first Surah to be taught at this Maktab.

The Third Maktab of Madina Munawwarah

A third place was Masjid Quba. Here the freed slave of Abu Huzaifah namely, Salim radiallahu anhuma was Imam as well as teacher of the Holy Qur’an. Some companions also memorised the Qur’an under him. This was the biggest Maktab in Madina, the reason being that it was directly on route from Makkah. Whoever from the Muslims did Hijrah (migrated) would reside here. This place was also known as Baitul Uzzab (house of the lonely ones) for the reason that the Sahabah May Allah be pleased with them, who made Hijrah arrived here alone for the sake of helping the Prophet Peace be upon him, and left their wives and children in Makkah in the hands of Allah. At this place there was accommodation and food for all those people who would arrive. The responsibility of their taleem and thetaleem of the local Ansar was upon Salim May Allah be pleased with him.

 

 

Other Makatib

Apart form these Makatib, during the Hijrah from Makkah to Madina, the Prophet Peace be upon him continued this work of establishing Maktabs. The Prophet Peace be upon him during his journey arrived at a place called Gumaim, there Buraidah Aslami May Allah be pleased with himcame to meet him (he had not yet embraced Islam) and invited him to his home. The Prophet Peace be upon him accepted the invitation and proceeded to his house and invited him to Islam. On that journey of Gumaim eighty households embraced Islam. Now just imagine eighty households and in each household there would have been at least five to ten people; such a large number of people embraced Islam at once. The Prophet Peace be upon him commenced his taleem by teaching them the opening verses of Surah Maryam. Then, he appointed Buraidah Aslami May Allah be pleased with him as their teacher and proceeded on his journey. Buraidah May Allah be pleased with himfulfilled this responsibility of taleem in such a manner that he did not even have the opportunity to visit the Prophet Peace be upon him in Madina. When the Prophet Peace be upon him, finished from the important battles of Badr and Uhad, he arrived at Gumaim, and completed the teaching of Surah Maryam.

The Significance of Makatib

Respected brothers and friends our manner of taleem is exactly the same as it was in the early days of Islam. The Sahabah May Allah be pleased with them would learn the Holy Qur’an directly from the Holy Prophet Peace be upon himboth Nazrah (reciting by looking inside the Qur’an) and Hifz (memorization of the Qur’an). This manner of teaching the Holy Qur’an is so significant and important, that the Holy ProphetPeace be upon himhimself initiated it. In other words the foundation of our whole deen is based upon this taleem. This is why the Prophet Peace be upon him formally established these Maktabs and sent senior Sahabah May Allah be pleased with them to teach at these places.

The gist of my talk up till now was an account of how the first Maktabs of Islam were established during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet Peace be upon him. If you study and ponder over the history of Muslims who came after the Prophet Peace be upon him, you will no doubt find numerous examples and incidents which will clearly testify that this method of taleem i.e. establishment of Maktabs, has remained the most vital and effective way of retaining and preserving our deen in its original pristine purity. This is also the reason why the children of those people who established Maktabs maintained their Islamic identity. A community which fails to do this, will retain its Islamic identity only with difficulty, if at all.

I hope by now you have understood why I feel you are worthy of congratulation; Almighty Allah has selected you to take up this august task of establishing the first purpose built Maktab in the whole of England. You were also extremely fortunate in having the honour of building the first purpose built mosque in England. Although there was a purpose built Mosque in Woking but, that was not under Muslim control at the time. The other Mosques in England at the time were all Ibadat Khanas (houses of worship). Again I wish to reiterate that this is a very noble step you are undertaking. Until today throughout the whole of England there were no such Maktabs. Any taleem of our children was taking place in Mosques or in rooms adjacent to Mosques and in selected homes. May Allah tala make the completion of this Maktab easy and fast. May He fulfil all its necessities from the ghaib (unseen).